Istanbul offers a huge network of public transportation. As the Bosphorus divides the city into two parts, the ferries and sea buses also become a practical means of daily transportation. Underground metro lines, metrobus connection and taxis are the other options for travel in Istanbul.
Transport in Istanbul depends greatly on city buses. A nostalgic ride can be enjoyed on board an historical tram at Istiklal Street of Beyoglu. The Tunnel, an underground funicular provides an enjoyable excursion.
Metropolitan buses in Istanbul are frequent and economic. They travel to almost any point within the city and some villages around the city. Alternatives are privately operated buses using the same lines where you can pay onboard. The metrobus, which operates between Sogutlucesme on the Asian side and Beylikduzu on the European side, is another popular transportation alternative that can save a lot of time.
The modern commuter train is one of the most convenient means of transportation in Istanbul. Istanbul has two train stations, Sirkeci Station and Haydarpasa Station. Trains departing from Sirkeci on the European side and Haydarpasa on the Anatolian side reach the outer parts of the city.
One practical solution to transportation in Istanbul is the minibuse, a shared taxi seating 7 or 8 passengers that operates on major and specific routes through the busiest parts of the city until midnight. The destination is written on signs placed on the windscreen.
The Istanbul Metro is a mass transit underground railway network that runs from Haciosman in the north to the Sishane station at Beyoglu (M2), from Kirazli to Olimpiyatkoy (M3) and from Kadikoy to Kartal on the Asian side.
Licensed taxis in Istanbul are yellow and have registration numbers on the sides. They can be found on the ranks or hailed on the street. Also hotel, restaurant and bar staffs provide taxi. Crossing over the Bosphorus bridge requires extra fare. But taxis in Istanbul are quite economical compared to European metropolises.
The tramline (T1) runs from Bagcilar to Kabatas and from Habibler to Topkapi (T4). Taksim, the cultural and entertainment center of the city is accessible from Kabatas by a short funicular railway. A light rail line (M1) runs from Yusufpasa near Aksaray to Esenler and Ataturk Airport.
The sea route is usually the quickest way between the European and Asian sides, particularly during rush hour. Ferries connect the two sides of the city. There are city line ferries that run the length of the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn, and also go to and from the islands. There are also tourist excursions along the Bosphorus.